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        賀陽:讀博士上的苦與樂

        選擇字號:   本文共閱讀 927 次 更新時間:2019-08-22 12:49:16

        進入專題: 博士   讀博經歷  

        賀陽 (進入專欄)  

          

           今天讀到一篇文章——“讀博,生命中不可承受之重?”——讀后引人聯想、讓人感慨。

           “博士苦、博士累,負擔累累人心碎。”這篇文章中用不少實例,揭示了博士生這個現代教育頂尖層次人群的生存狀況。對這一點,多數人應該可以想到,完全可以理解。既然要做最高層次的人才、獲取最高等級的學位,除去天賦,當然也需要“寒窗苦讀”、也要付出遠高于常人的努力和艱辛。在這方面,世界各國概莫能外。需要改變的,倒是我們教育中一些違背客觀規律的東西。

           目前我們國家在博士培養上的明顯弊端之一,是最近20多年來形成了一個龐大的、有別于其他國家的“博士群體”——官員博士、準官員博士和老板博士。這個群體中的多數人,讀的是“在職博士”,而且與在校專職攻讀者不同,基本上都是相當輕松地拿下了博士學位。這種“中國特色”,目前遍布于全國各地,人們早已見怪不怪。特別是近年來反腐抓出的貪官中,相當一批都具有“博士”頭銜,給廣大百姓一種極其惡劣的觀感……

           前幾天我看到中國政法大學教授楊帆提出的一個建議——將近年來獲得博士學位者的博士論文全部在網上公開,允許任何人查閱……20多年前我就認識楊帆,雖然他在一些問題上的觀點我不敢茍同,但是我感覺他的這個建議并不過激、并不出格。公開博士論文,既有利于他人學習,又有利于加強社會監督,應該說是一件好事。

           28年前我在政府部門工作時也曾有機會去讀“在職博士”,而且兩位先后提出讓我去讀博的導師,還都是我非常尊崇的著名經濟學家。那時官員讀博遠沒有像今天這樣趨之若鶩。盡管我非常渴望去做這兩位大師的在職博士生,但由于感覺自己的外語水平還不夠,當時我選擇了“急流勇退”,以致與近在眼前的“博士”失之交臂。那時我曾深感遺憾,但今天想想,我還真是為自己當年做出這一“免俗”決定而慶幸,為自己的“毅然”放棄而自豪。

           兩年前我曾經提過這樣一個建議:鑒于目前政治體制和教育體制還存在明顯的缺陷,有必要一刀切地停止從黨政機關和國有企事業單位掌握公權力的在職人員中招收在職博士研究生,待今后體制制度條件更加成熟時再予以考慮。實話實說,今天在這一想法上,我比兩年前更加堅定。

          

           2019年4月11日

          

        進入 賀陽 的專欄     進入專題: 博士   讀博經歷  

        本文責編:limei
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